Drought In Ethiopia Pdf
Resilience projects of Cordaid in Ethiopia aim at strengthening the livelihoods of the most vulnerable people living in drought prone areas, as well as identifying and supporting alternative means of income. Pastoralism, vulnerability and drought. The vegetables, grains and herbs on the following list were selected from seed catalogs and seed catalog websites that specifically mention the terms “drought-resistant” or “drought-tolerant” in the variety description. Other areas of Ethiopia experienced famine for similar reasons, resulting in tens of thousands of additional deaths. • The drought affected nearly 10 million Ethiopians. The man is assumed to be one of thousands fleeing drought in Ethiopia and heading for Saudi Arabia, where they hope to find work. As a result, accurate assessment of drought remains a difficult task. Rapid Growth despite Inflation and Political Risk. United Nations, New York, October 2011 - The International Fund for Agricultural Development (IFAD) recently trained pastoralists in Ethiopia to watch for warning signs of drought. traditional coping mechanisms even more important and relevant. Djibouti, Somalia, Eritrea, Sudan, Ethiopia, Uganda and Kenya. ACAPS Anticipatory Briefing Note: Ethiopia Drought and Food Insecurity. Thought the. Region Specific Supply Chains for Hand pumps and Spare Parts in Ethiopia, May 2010; Manual for Accelerating Self Supply Program in Ethiopia (Jan 2014) Manual for Accelerating Self Supply Program in Ehiopia (Jan 2014) Manual for Accelerating Self Supply in Ethiopia (Jan 2014) Water Sector Working Group leaflet (Jan 2014) Number of CMP. 199 Over the period 1980-2010 ten major drought disasters were reported in Ethiopia. Drought Micro-insurance in Ethiopia: An Innovative Model to Increase the Resilience of the Poorest Households UNFCCC Technical Workshop April 28, 2009 Cairo, Egypt Dir biyabir anbessa yassir. All methods of analysis, applied to monthly mean data, show that the north and northwest regions of Ethiopia experienced frequent and more severe drought conditions centred at the year 1983/1984, a recovery in the middle of the study period and a return to moderate dry events in recent years. The historical reports of these events are mostly qualitative in nature. El Niño Rains in Arizona = Major Drought in Ethiopia Phoenix-Based Food for the Hungry Helping Feed 10 Million Affected PHOENIX (February 1, 2016) -While Arizonans may be enjoying today's dreary and rainy weather brought by El Niño, Food for the Hungry is busy helping some of the more than 10 million Ethiopians. Title: Ethiopia Drought 2 Year Response 2016 Author: E. On July 6, 2011, USAID activated a regional Disaster Assistance Response Team (USAID/DART) in Nairobi, Kenya, and Addis Ababa, Ethiopia, to monitor regional drought conditions, identify humanitarian needs, and coordinate. Ethiopia is currently in the midst of its worst drought in 30 years, triggered by this year's record-breaking strong El Niño. Given the high prevalence of malnutrition in Ethiopia, it is important to strengthen the resilience of the health system to withstand and recover from external shocks (such as drought) and stressors (long-term processes such as climate change) to meet high caseload demands. Drought is a natural phenomenon but it is often the reaction of society and governments that creates a famine. A 'pre-designed' summary and profile of disasters reported for a particular region including a summary of events from 1980 to September 2008, as well as the top 10 disasters. 5 and 100 per cent of excess livestock mortality during drought, whereas disease‐related mortality accounted for between 0 and 28. WARDER, Ethiopia: Ethiopia’s government is warning it will run out of emergency food aid starting next month as the number of drought victims in the East African country has reached 7. The welfare impacts of this drought include increasing health and welfare problems and are evident in the caseloads of service providers. The current drought is an extension of last year’s (2017) drought which severely affected pastoral lowlands of Afar, Somali and Oromia. Drought forecasting using new machine learning methods. Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation Wolde-Georgis, Tsegay, El Niño and Drought Early Warning in Ethiopia (March 1, 1997). Since 1876, about 22 droughts with an average cycle of every 6 years are occurring in Ethiopia (Eshetu et al. The drought area shown in this image circles Lake Victoria in a north-south-oriented oval that stretches from southern Sudan and Ethiopia in the north to Tanzania in the south. drought, the Transitional Government of Ethiopia was formed in 1991 and began a broad spectrum of reform measures to address both the immediate need of economic recovery and reconstruction to jump start the economy, while addressing the long-term. Copestake Created Date: 7/7/2016 12:38:48 PM. They rely entirely on humanitarian aid to meet their basic needs, including education and protection from sexual and gender-based violence. A 'pre-designed' summary and profile of disasters reported for a particular region including a summary of events from 1980 to September 2008, as well as the top 10 disasters. Water sector development plan and activities in the Amhara Region, Ethiopia Presented to a Workshop at Thailand, Bangkok-June 3,2008 (drought) has limitations on. in need of humanitarian assistance as outlined in the joint Government and humanitarian partners' Humanitarian Requirements Document (HRD), while another 7. , precipitation and temperature). Key words: Academic performance, climate change, El Niño, independent-samples t-test Cite This Article As: Eshetu AA, Tessema WW (2017). The paper uses drought, a common occurrence in Ethiopia, as an. Though Eritreans pushed for independence, the United Nations backed federation with Ethiopia. This had been founded on a. It had a death toll of "1. Between 50 and 90 percent of crop production was lost, farmers' incomes dwindled and food insecurity soared. Study shows boreholes are key to drought resilience in Ethiopia Installing more boreholes to tap underground water will improve rural Ethiopian communities’ resilience to drought, according to a new report. Only 15 percent of the roads are paved; this is a problem particularly in the highlands, where there are two rainy seasons causing many roads to be unusable for weeks at a time. Drought is a subtle, insidious natural hazard that is a normal part of the climate of virtually all regions of the world. • Drought impacts are a key indicator of vulnerability. As Ethiopia remains caught in a deadly cycle of drought and famine, aid agencies warn that erratic rainfall and ever-rising food costs are compounding the problems carried over from last year's drought to leave 6. reported drought in Ethiopia to occur with 3–5 and 6–8 years in northern parts of the country and every 8–10 years for the whole country. naries after nine months. Government, through the United States Agency for International Development, has completed the printing and delivery of critical scholastic materials for an estimated 2. The Intervention Areas 5. Ethiopia is experiencing one of its worst droughts in decades and the increased humanitarian needs are putting a strain on the existing logistics infrastructure capacity and human resources. How Ethiopia Can Overcome the Worst Drought in 50 Years Local residents await the arrival of the UN secretary-general in Ogolcho in Ethiopia's drought affected Oromia region to tour various UN. Strengthening Drought Resilience in Ethiopian ASAL Conditions of Tender Annexes Page 19 Annex A Terms of Reference (ToR) Table of Contents 1. These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current. The European Commission is mobilising a further €50 million in emergency humanitarian funding to help the people hit by drought in the Horn of Africa. 4 bn in food aid and humanitarian assistance (pdf) has been donated to the country between 2000 and. Net cereal production from the main (2015/16 meher season) harvest currently underway may fall by 10-20 percent (1. Poverty in Ethiopia T o witness the extreme poverty in Ethiopia is an unforgettable experience. Further, there is a need to examine and articulate the economic case for investing more proactively in longer term measures up front, offset against the cost of humanitarian aid and losses. Ethiopia Climate change is cause of Ethiopian drought The United Nations (UN) humanitarian relief coordinator, Valerie Amos says that the world "must take the impact of climate change more. Hussien Mohamed Yusuf Addis Abeba, September 24/2019 - The IGAD region is one of the most food-insecure regions in the world. A drought is a period of drier-than-normal conditions that results in water-related problems. Title: Ethiopia Drought 2 Year Response 2016 Author: E. Natural and man-made crises continue to impact Ethiopia, notably the El Nino drought in 2016 and the Horn and East Africa drought in 2017. Some aspects of meteorological drought in Ethiopia. The Terminal Evaluation of the Coping with Drought and Climate Change in Ethiopia Project (CwDCC) was completed in conformance with GEF and UNDP guidelines and in accordance with the Terms of Reference(ToRs) for the evaluation that were provided by UNDP. The study indentified the factor affecting rain-water-harvesting technology adoption for irrigation and farmers practice in water harvesting against drought in lowland woreda, Eastern Hararghe, Oromia Region. The paper uses drought, a common occurrence in Ethiopia, as an. The map on the left shows how April 1-14, 2016, root zone soil moisture data from the NASA Soil Moisture Active Passive (SMAP). Ethiopia has declared an outbreak of acute watery diarrhea, also known as AWD, in the country's Somali region, where people are already struggling to cope with a persistent drought. While it seems too soon to attribute increase of drought incidences to climate change, drought occurrences have become more frequent and have taken a regional dimension. 1 Context of the study. 5 million metric tons higher than the previous year. Struik 2 and Bezabih Emana 3 1Jimma University College of Agriculture and Veterinary Medicine, Jimma, Ethiopia. The less than usual drops of rain in the past several rainy seasons have caused drought in many parts of the country, particularly in Eastern and Southern Ethiopia, triggering severe food insecurity in communities already on constant food distribution list by donors. Droughts in Ethiopia have killed many people and animals in 1957-58, 1964-65, 1972-73 and 1983-84. § DSS, University of Rome "La Sapienza". catastrophe. MY16/17 corn production is expected to reach 6. AKLDP Field Notes described the early impacts of the drought on rain - fed smallholder farming communities, including in East and West Hararghe. The Horn of Africa is facing what has been described as the worst drought in over half a century. It is comparable to the strongest events on record, namely the 1982/1983 and 1997/1998 El Niño. Effect of El Niño induced drought on students' academic performance: a case study in Borena woreda of South Wollo Zone, Ethiopia. in Dryland Areas. Since 1876, about 22 droughts with an average cycle of every 6 years are occurring in Ethiopia (Eshetu et al. combat desertified the effects of drought. Drought, conflict and children's undernutrition in Ethiopia 2000-2013: a meta-analysis Tefera Darge Delbiso a, Jose Manuel Rodriguez-Llanes a, Anne-Françoise Donneau b, Niko Speybroeck c & Debarati Guha-Sapir a. " Ethiopia's Economic Growth Performance: Current Situation and Challenges Page 2 percent in average change of 0. Research carried out by the British Geological Survey (BGS), the University of Addis Ababa and. By the end of 2015, Ethiopia was suffering its worst drought in fifty years due to the global El Nino. Ethiopia drought 2006 • Sahel region, drought conditions since 1985 • (Drought of 1984-1985 = 1million deaths) • Causes = natural climatic causes (low precipitation), human causes (deforestation, desertification, overpopulation, overcultivation) • GDP per capita $110, life expectancy 43yrs • 2006 = affected 2. Ethiopia was a coastal state in the past, but has become a landlocked state since 1991 following the independence of Eritrea. Cycles of drought have affected North America for the last 10,000 years. EXECUTIVE SUMMARY This executive summary was prepared by Courtenay Cabot Venton for the USAID Center for Resilience. Smallholders Irrigation Practices and Issues of Community Management: The. Rainy season starts in July till the end of September. Ambachew Mekonnen: Determinants of private investment in Ethiopia:… 76 1. ESSP Working Paper 114, by Kalle Hirvonen, Thomas Pave Sohnesen, and Tom Bundervoet. It is an autonomous area known as Basketo Special Wereda. This paper presents the key findings of a research project that investigated women's and men's vulnerability to drought in Fedis woreda, a district located in Eastern Ethiopia. Given the high prevalence of malnutrition in Ethiopia, it is important to strengthen the resilience of the health system to withstand and recover from external shocks (such as drought) and stressors (long-term processes such as climate change) to meet high caseload demands. Ill health and spread of diseases like diarrhoea, dysentery, cholera and opthalmia caused by malnutrition, hunger and starvation. The 2010 drought in russia was very long, intensive, spread over a sizeable area and caused serious damage to the environment, economy and human health. Hussien Mohamed Yusuf Addis Abeba, September 24/2019 - The IGAD region is one of the most food-insecure regions in the world. Spotlight on the Southeast: Areas in AL, GA, north FL, and NC/SC saw widespread severe and extreme #drought conditions increase from a week ago. humanitarian response of the IASC Humanitarian Country Team to the recurring droughts in Ethiopia, including the El Niño-induced drought in 2015/2016, the response to the Indian Ocean Dipole-induced drought in 2017, and the response to continuing food insecurity-related humanitarian needs in the country since then. The Intervention Areas 5. drought, initiatives that worked to reduce this and recommendations for strengthening resilience ahead of future extreme events. drought) was estimated to reduce farmersÕ equivalent household income by $10,784 per annum. But drought and famine are recurrent problems and once again Ethiopia is desperate for humanitarian aid. 25 million children in southern Somalia require urgent life-saving interventions, while 640,000 suffer from acute malnutrition, according to the U. The vegetables, grains and herbs on the following list were selected from seed catalogs and seed catalog websites that specifically mention the terms "drought-resistant" or "drought-tolerant" in the variety description. the use of CTP in the current drought response and consider areas for collective action. 1 EMERGENCY HEALTH CARE IN ETHIOPIA. Drought is a major disaster in South Africa in terms of total economic loss and number of people affected. Another study wereda (Legambo), in turn, experienced devastating loses from the 1999–2000 drought and has only partially recovered from this event. Located in the horn of Africa, Ethiopia is the tenth largest country in Africa. • Drought is a creeping phenomenon with no universal definition—definitions are region and application (impact) specific. Many of the activities have been carried out jointly with other organizations and research institutions active in the field of drought, particularly the National Drought Mitigation Center (NDMC) of the University of Nebraska, USA. More than 10 million people affected by severe drought in the horn of Africa Migration: Since the beginning of 2011, 15’ooo Somalis each month have fled to Kenya and Ethiopia looking for food and water More than 1’000 people arrive at Dabaab refugee camp in Kenya. Ethiopia has an image problem. This study therefore aims to improve the accuracy of drought assessment by comparing WRSI estimates from soil water balance and energy balance approaches. One of the gifts of history is that it can teach us what may happen through what has happened so that. Gemechis 1,2, Paul C. Strengthening/enhancing drought and flood early warning systems in Ethiopia Page 4 3. Participatory epidemiology methods were employed retrospectively in three pastoralist regions of Ethiopia to estimate the specific causes of excess livestock mortality during drought. Like its neighbors in the HoA, Ethiopia experiences frequent occurrence of disasters including drought, floods, and volatile food prices and livestock diseases. The FRP was a collaborative project with the. This UNDP-supported and GEF-SCCF financed project, Coping with Drought and Climate change (CwDCC) in Ethiopia, is working to address these problems at grass roots level to build capacity of the poor rural community to cope with drought and climate change. 4 million people in Somalia, Kenya, Ethiopia, and Djibouti. Drought is Africa's principal type of natural disaster. It is mainly caused by low precipitation and high evaporation rates, but in regions. Due to several constraints, the team was unable to follow the methodology applied in the other regions. It focuses on the gendered impacts of drought on rural livelihoods in dryland areas. The UN's Office for the Co-Ordination of Humanitarian Affairs (Ocha) warns that the situation is continuing to deteriorate, and the number of people in need will continue to increase. However, rain helped portions of northern AL show some improvement and kept drought from spreading into the FL peninsula. Definitions of meteorological drought must be considered as region specific since the atmospheric conditions that result in deficiencies of precipitation are highly variable from region to region. The drought, that has caused widespread famine and malnutrition, is caused by El Niño, the year-long warming taking place along the equator in the eastern half of the Pacific. Determinants of Rural Household Food Security in Drought-Prone Areas of Ethiopia: Case study in Lay Gaint District, Amhara Region Arega Bazezew Berlie Submitted in accordance with the requirements for the degree of Doctor of Philosophy in the subject Geography at the University of South Africa Thesis Supervisor: Dr Woldeamlak Bewket November 2013. Drought in Ethiopia, 2011. prepared for the UNRISD project on. Drought is defined as a moisture deficit bad enough to have social, environmental or economic effects. With many in the region relying on livestock herding and subsistence farming, the prolonged drought is having devastating consequences on food availability and livelihoods. March through September rainfall totals in 2015 were the lowest in more than. Drought is a natural phenomenon but it is often the reaction of society and governments that creates a famine. Approximately 85 percent of the population lives in rural areas. The 2016 El Niño drought response operation in Ethiopia is ongoing. Ethiopia has suffered from drought for decades, but 2016 saw the worst in 50 years, affecting more than 10 million people. With many in the region relying on livestock herding and subsistence farming, the prolonged drought is having devastating consequences on food availability and livelihoods. Moving beyond emergency response, CRS' disaster mitigation and recovery projects in drought and flood-prone areas have rebuilt individual and community assets through non-food aid in the form of agriculture, livestock, health, nutrition, and water and. Net cereal production from the main (2015/16 meher season) harvest currently underway may fall by 10-20 percent (1. ,Standard precipitation index and Mann – Kendal test were used to analyze drought incident and trends of drought occurrences, respectively. Meteorological drought is defined usually on the basis of the degree of dryness (in comparison to some “normal” or average amount) and the duration of the dry period. Ethiopia Drought Risk Management Disaster Risk Management and Food Security Sector (DRMFSS) Ethiopia HFA Progress Update Achievements under the current HFA in both. Drought & El Niño in Ethiopia This lesson plan has been designed especially for the following curriculum areas: climate change, weather & climate, climate zones, global and citizenship education, sustainability and the environment. Ethiopia has faced multiple seasons of failed or erratic rainfall leading to one of the most impactful droughts in recent history. Our impact in Ethiopia. The observed 2015 drought was an extremely rare event that is expected to happen in the central to north-eastern parts of Ethiopia only about once every few hundred years (best estimate 260 years, lowest estimate 60 years, according to the 95% confidence interval [CI], based on the gridded. Ethiopia Drought Risk Management Disaster Risk Management and Food Security Sector (DRMFSS) Ethiopia HFA Progress Update Achievements under the current HFA in both. Mar 10, 2016 · As drought hits Ethiopia again, food aid risks breaking resilience even though almost $5. refugee populations in Ethiopia. While the conflict raged on, in both Ethiopia and Eritrea severe drought threatened a famine as bad as the one in 1984. Around ten million people in Burundi, Djibouti, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Kenya, Rwanda, Somalia and Uganda are in need of urgent humanitarian assistance. These activities will. Discovering Drought. Many were forced to walk more than 12 hours in a desperate search for water. It was to be expected that Ethiopia’s strong economic growth would slow down in 2015/16 due to the recent drought. The resulting food scarcity meant more than eight million people in the parched country needed emergency food aid, according to the United Nations. NATIONAL REGIONAL STATE FOOD SECURITY RESEARCH ASSESSMENT 1. There is recognition that within a. The contribution by Dr. Introduction This report summarizes the current situation in key field crops and livestock sectors and how the 2012 drought has impacted these sectors. The authors purport that about 60 percent of Sub-Saharan Africa is exposed to drought and 30 percent so extremely. This agricultural crisis has resulted in the country depend on food aid for a long time. Drought is defined as a moisture deficit bad enough to have social, environmental or economic effects. On July 6, 2011, USAID activated a regional Disaster Assistance Response Team (USAID/DART) in Nairobi, Kenya, and Addis Ababa, Ethiopia, to monitor regional drought conditions, identify humanitarian needs, and coordinate. the effects of drought, the threat of the Sahara Desert spreading south into the Sahel is considered a major challenge that no country can tackle on its own. Ethiopia Risk Assessment. Acute food insecurity is affecting up to 7 million people, combined with malnutrition and water shortages in the pastoralist and agro-pastoralist southern and south-eastern lowlands. Drought is more likely to increase in areas where negative shifts occur more frequently and with high magnitude, making it possible to spot critical situations. Alastair. Click here to view this item from www. Nearly 40 per cent of Ethiopia’s 90 million population is considered food insecure. pdf Author: E. 0 SCOPE OF WORK 1. This page was last edited on 9 June 2019, at 01:22. Meteorological drought is defined usually on the basis of the degree of dryness (in comparison to some “normal” or average amount) and the duration of the dry period. The 2010 drought was the worst in the last 38 years in Russia. 6 million people (roughly 10% of the country’s population) •The sector received USD 118 million (103% of the. Thus the main objectives of this review are to assess the causes of household food insecurity in rural Ethiopia; and to review the coping strategies pursued by rural households. he severe drought in the Horn of Africa in 2011 affected large areas of southern Ethiopia, leaving hundreds of thousands of people in need of assistance. Starting in the second half of 2015, Ethiopia suffered a severe drought, stemming from the El Niño weather phenomena1. Historically, the 1974 drought was one of the worst disasters that resulted in loss of an estimated 200, 000 human lives, caused huge outbreaks of diseases, loss of live-stock, and made massive internal displacement. Smallholders Irrigation Practices and Issues of Community Management: The. The northern regions of Ethiopia studied here include the Amhara and Tigray regional states which cover 19 percent of Ethiopian population. Part of the Sahel and Southern Africa fall in the latter group. In 2001, 35 of Ethiopia's 255 mammal species were threatened. One can only hope that in the near future the country will have the resources to develop its agriculture to the point that it can produce enough food for itself and its neighbors when needed. In 2015, Ethiopia faced a scabies outbreak in drought-affected areas where there was a shortage of safe water for drinking and personal hygiene. le Aldo Moro 5. Ethiopia’s Belg and Meher growing seasons ended with both affected by drought. Research carried out by the British Geological Survey (BGS), the University of Addis Ababa and. Ethiopia is suffering its worst drought in 30 years, but the country is better equipped to cope than the crisis in 1984, writes the BBC's Clive Myrie, who has visited one of the worst affected areas. to famine than just drought or other adverse climatic conditions. Most recently, the worst drought in East African history plagued the region in 2011, as the rainy season failed to occur two years in a row. 2a) General malnutrition and mortality. The main objective of this article is to assess the contributions in sustaining the livelihoods of smallholder farmers of rainfall-deficit-index-based crop insurance pilot project based on haricot beans implemented in Ethiopia in 2009. DROUGHT AND FAMINE IN ETHIOPIA AND THE EFFORT TO OVERCOME IT GIRMA AMARE* INTRODUCTION The drought and famine in Ethiopia, which once again claimed the attention of the international community in Oc-tober 1984, are phenomena neither confined to Ethiopia nor brief in duration. Yet despite progress toward eliminating extreme poverty, Ethiopia remains one of the poorest countries in the world, due both to rapid population growth and a low starting base. Poor water management is a constraint to growth The World Bank and others have analysed how variable rainfall negatively affects Ethiopia’s growth, advocating for increased storage to ‘smooth. 8 The mismanagement of the drought and famine was merely the last element in the case being mounted against Haile Selassie's anach- ronistic and growingly ineffective régime. ACTION IN RESPONSE TO THE DROUGHT CRISIS IN THE HORN OF AFRICA This paper was produced for a meeting of the Inter-Governmental Authority for Development (IGAD) in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia, 19-21 January 2017 SUMMARY – KEY MESSAGES • The failure of the 2016 October-December rains across parts of the Horn of Africa has led to a devastating. • Rather than presenting a rigid set of procedures, the guidelines summarize best-practice experiences from Ethiopia and elsewhere. Further, there is a need to examine and articulate the economic case for investing more proactively in longer term measures up front, offset against the cost of humanitarian aid and losses. , 2006, Meze-Hausken, 2000). • The drought affected nearly 10 million Ethiopians. Determinants of Rural Household Food Security in Drought-Prone Areas of Ethiopia: Case study in Lay Gaint District, Amhara Region Arega Bazezew Berlie Submitted in accordance with the requirements for the degree of Doctor of Philosophy in the subject Geography at the University of South Africa Thesis Supervisor: Dr Woldeamlak Bewket November 2013. In recent years environment has become a key issue in Ethiopia. Climate and average weather in Ethiopia. Our study examines the effects of drought on livelihoods and human migration in the rural highlands of northern Ethiopia, one of the most affected regions during the 2015 drought. The Horn of Africa is facing what has been described as the worst drought in over half a century. Its occurrence results in a myriad of economic, social, and environmental impacts in developed as well as developing nations, although the characteristics of its impacts differ considerably between the two settings. Ethiopia receives most of its rain between March and Septem-ber. As a result of drought, coverage of potable water drops to 18 and 27 percent in the two districts respectively. Oromia Drought Assessment 2 12-26 August 2011 Executive summary This is an assessment of drought impact and outcomes in Oromia regional state, Ethiopia. 40% of the earth's surface, however, is still wilderness, and global warming can be at least slowed down by. Mapping Return Levels of Absolute NDVI Variations for the Assessment ofv Drought Risk in Ethiopia Francesco Tonini*, Giovanna Jona Lasinio§, Hartwig H. These activities include: • in-depth case studies, • 3. The country is agrarian and the economy depends on subsistence agriculture. This study analyzes drought characteristics in the Awash River Basin of Ethiopia based on meteorological and hydrological variables. Rain-water-harvesting is one of the means by which agricultural production can be increased to meet the growing food demands in all regions. The role of introduced sorghum and millets in Ethiopian agriculture Asfaw Adugna Melkassa Agricultural Research Center, PO Box 436, Nazareth, Ethiopia Email: [email protected] In support of the Government of Ethiopia (GoE), which has shown strong leadership in the response, the USAID DART is coordinating USG emergency response activities in close partnership with the UN and relief organizations. Tomato production in Ethiopia: constraints and opportunities Ambecha O. Ethiopia hosts 905,000 refugees, mostly from South Sudan, Somalia, Eritrea, and Sudan. This article examines the reactions of past rulers to food shortages in Ethiopia. Ethiopia presents a picture of contrasts. The goal was to fi nd ways to shift away from the pattern of reacting to drought and instead to promote a common and coordinated response to address the underlying drivers of drought vulnerability. M In line with the obligations of the Convention, Ethiopia is currently preparing a National Action frograinme to combat desertification. This UNDP-supported and GEF-SCCF financed project, Coping with Drought and Climate change (CwDCC) in Ethiopia, is working to address these problems at grass roots level to build capacity of the poor rural community to cope with drought and climate change. Humanitarian Aid (ECHO) funded a series of Regional Drought Decision (RDD) projects in the Horn of Africa from 2006 to 2010. The programme is a regional investment operation under ADF 12 to address drought in the countries of the Horn of Africa, of which Ethiopia is one. The projects focused on: timely response to drought, community-based drought preparedness, promotion of local resilience, and the strengthening of community-based early warning systems. 2m in Kenya,. Several additional factors have made Ethiopia’s water crisis worse. Ethiopia, Kenya, Senegal8, Zambia and Zimbabwe). Policy Options for Improving Drought Resilience and Implications for Food Security: The Case of Ethiopia and Kenya Daniel Tsegai1, Michael Bruentrup2, Mesay Kebede Duguma1 1United Nations Convention to Combat Desertification (UNCCD), External Relations, Policy and Advo-cacy (ERPA) Unit, Germany. IOM EAST AND HORN OF AFRICA DROUGHT APPEAL - 9 The Republic of Djibouti shares long porous borders with Somalia and Ethiopia. The climate change induced. Poverty in Ethiopia T o witness the extreme poverty in Ethiopia is an unforgettable experience. Drought is a natural phenomenon in which rainfall is lower than average for an extended period of time. In Ethiopia, however, increased frequencies of extreme events such as drought and flooding, attributed to climate change, undermines the pastoral livelihood systems. " 347 341 Hermann et. Edmeades, “Progress in Achieving and Delivering Drought Tolerance in Maize - An Update”, supported by key references, was originally. EXTREME RAINFALL AND DROUGHT Climate change poses many risks to human health. The climate change induced. 8ygu* received fodder and livestock feed for her remaining animals from Save the Children. DROUGHT AND FAMINE IN ETHIOPIA AND THE EFFORT TO OVERCOME IT GIRMA AMARE* INTRODUCTION The drought and famine in Ethiopia, which once again claimed the attention of the international community in Oc-tober 1984, are phenomena neither confined to Ethiopia nor brief in duration. Ethiopia Famine & Drought E thiopia was one of the countries affected by El Niño 2015, resulting in very low rainfall during the spring season (belg) and summer season (kiremt). Ethiopia drought 2006 • Sahel region, drought conditions since 1985 • (Drought of 1984-1985 = 1million deaths) • Causes = natural climatic causes (low precipitation), human causes (deforestation, desertification, overpopulation, overcultivation) • GDP per capita $110, life expectancy 43yrs • 2006 = affected 2. The Terminal Evaluation of the Coping with Drought and Climate Change in Ethiopia Project (CwDCC) was completed in conformance with GEF and UNDP guidelines and in accordance with the Terms of Reference(ToRs) for the evaluation that were provided by UNDP. The Wereda is not part of any administrative zone. The ongoing irrigation development in the Awash Valley with World Bank assistance and the recurrence of drought since 1973 ("Ethiopia", 1981; Kloos, 1977: 215) make this a timely study. EXECUTIVE SUMMARY This executive summary was prepared by Courtenay Cabot Venton for the USAID Center for Resilience. Read more » Ethiopia: Ethiopian Farmers Need Urgent Assistance Amid Major Drought, Warns UN Agency. Notably there is no strong connection to ENSO in the belg season, with regional differences present in the teleconnection sign. Study Area The fieldwork of this rural resilience assessment project was conducted in Borana, Ethiopia (Figure 1). The agricultural sector is subject to periodic drought, and poor infrastructure constrains the production and marketing of Ethiopia's products. The latest massive drought in the Horn poses yet another threat and famine in Ethiopia is looming large one more time. The recent drought conditions have affected some parts of Ethiopia particularly hard because there are very few irrigation systems in a country where 85 percent still live in rural areas and. I hereby declare that "Drought coping mechanisms: A case study of small scale farmers in Motheo district of the Free State Province" is my own research work and that all sources that I have used have been indicated and acknowledged by means of complete references. 3 million tons of solid waste per year. 2m in Kenya,. 7% of the population is below 15 years of age while 17. It was to be expected that Ethiopia's strong economic growth would slow down in 2015/16 due to the recent drought. The FRP was a collaborative project with the. Since the drought in some pastoralist areas of Ethiopia in 2005 to 2006, there has been increasing interest in the use of supplementary feeding for livestock as part of an integrated drought response. Prolonged and widespread drought is a recurrent feature of the arid and semi-arid lands that is exacerbated by climate change, advancing desertification and ecological degradation. The maize story in Ethiopia Maize is the second most widely cultivated crop in Ethiopia and is grown under diverse agro-ecologies and socio-economic conditions typically under rain-fed production. On July 6, 2011, USAID activated a regional Disaster Assistance Response Team (USAID/DART) in Nairobi, Kenya, and Addis Ababa, Ethiopia, to monitor regional drought conditions, identify humanitarian needs, and coordinate. • Drought is a creeping phenomenon with no universal definition—definitions are region and application (impact) specific. Farmers and pastoralists waited for the “belg” rains that generally occur between February and May in central and eastern Ethiopia, but in 2015 the belg rains came a month late after a false start. In recent years, crops have been poor because of drought. According to the UNDP climate change country profiles, the average annual temperature in Ethiopia is projected to increase by 1. Addis Ababa University. Abstract: The impact of the severe drought in Ethiopia, attributed to El Niño weather conditions, has led to high levels of malnutrition that have, in turn, increased the potential for disease outbreaks. In 2015, Ethiopia endured its worst drought in decades. ) genotypes for drought stress adaptation in Ethiopia Kwabena Darkwab,e, Daniel Ambachewa,c,⁎, Hussein Mohammedb, Asrat Asfawa,d, Matthew W. BACKGROUND OF THE STRATEGY Historically, a number of factors have affected the development and management of water sector in Ethiopia. Extensive loss of cattle due to poor rains and the resulting decrease in grazing and water resources have seriously compounded their capacity to cope with an environment known. In Ethiopia, where about four-fifths of the population depend on the agriculture sector for their livelihood, the effects of the El Niño-induced drought in 2015/16 were devastating. 2 million people. 6 million people. Appendix D Drought Mitigation Projects, Ethiopia and Kenya Kenya Arid Lands Management Project62 Since 1996, the World Bank has funded a sequence of projects under the Arid Lands Resource Management Project (ALRMP). In response, the USG immediately increased assistance to affected areas of Ethiopia, Kenya, and Somalia. resilient to periodic shocks of drought and rainfall variability (Hesse and Cotula 2006). The Horn of Africa is facing what has been described as the worst drought in over half a century. Introduction Drought is a sustained and regionally extensive occurrence of below average natural water availability. Research carried out by the British Geological Survey (BGS), the University of Addis Ababa and. Conflict and drought are two of the challenges the people in the Horn have been facing at various times. Produced in collaboration with the Ethiopia Public Health Training Initiative, The Carter Center, the Ethiopia Ministry of Health, and the Ethiopia Ministry of Education. he severe drought in the Horn of Africa in 2011 affected large areas of southern Ethiopia, leaving hundreds of thousands of people in need of assistance. Changes in rainfall associated with world-wide weather patterns resulted in the worst drought in 30 years in 2015-16, creating food insecurity for millions of Ethiopians. 63 Phase 1 (1996–2003) was motivated by vulnerability and resource degradation resulting from overstocking of cattle and. reported drought in Ethiopia to occur with 3–5 and 6–8 years in northern parts of the country and every 8–10 years for the whole country. Reality of Resilience: perspectives of the 2015–16 drought in Ethiopia. Drought and Migration in Ethiopia is an educational resource which uses the methodology of process drama to enable children to learn, through imagined experience, about life in Ethiopia. Drought is the dominant climate-related disaster in Ethiopia. )Trotter] for Drought Tolerance in Northern Ethiopia By Mizan Tesfay Abraha BSc Crop Production and Protection (Haramaya University, Ethiopia) MSc Plant Breeding (Jimma University, Ethiopia) A thesis submitted in partial fulfilment of the requirements for the degree of Doctor of Philosophy (PhD) in Plant Breeding. Our impact in Ethiopia. The floodplain ecosystem, although for centuries providing much-needed grazing resources during the dry season, has been relatively neglected in the study. 2 million people. Food aid is needed for about 6 million of Ethiopia's 71 million people each year, and that number increases to as many as 15 million in drought years. It is clear that support service staff in financial counselling, health and drought services are working hard to alleviate the worst stresses of drought. 7 million tons) relative to the 2014/15 harvest (December 2015 preliminary estimates based on woreda-level yield data). Click Download or Read Online button to get the ethiopian famine and drought in africa book now. Extensive loss of cattle due to poor rains and the resulting decrease in grazing and water resources have seriously compounded their capacity to cope with an environment known. Safflower has had many uses. However, its productivi. Ethiopia is currently facing a complex humanitarian crisis as result of an ongoing drought combined with an ethno-political conflict. Ethiopia is currently in the midst of its worst drought in 30 years, triggered by this year's record-breaking strong El Niño. Here, poor subsistence farmers, researchers, local advisors. Few studies have been done on the associations between child undernutrition, conflict and drought in East Africa, including Ethiopia. Read more » Ethiopia: Ethiopian Farmers Need Urgent Assistance Amid Major Drought, Warns UN Agency. The capital is Addis Ababa (‘New Flower’), located almost at the center of the country. In the past few centuries, more than 30 major drought episodes have occurred, of which 13 were severe and covered the entire country and affected several nations. Rapid Growth despite Inflation and Political Risk. Breeding Tef [Eragrostis tef (Zucc. Drought in 1984–'85 was reported as the most severe with peak negative SPI value of. Among the first step^ to be, taken in the implementation of Jhe programme is the compilation of background information on drought smd desertific^ori in Ethiopia^ thus3 the preparation of this dociment jby a forking group coinpristog Experts selected from the various departments and^Srvice unite of ]BPA1 TftesM y i8 in rii^ document reviews and. The workshop was convened by CaLP and the Ethiopia Cash Working Group (CWG). “The history of drought in this County, in the 1940s and 1950s, happened every 10 years — because of climate change this timeframe has been reducing — first 8 or 7 years, later 5 years, and. Definitions of meteorological drought must be considered as region specific since the atmospheric conditions that result in deficiencies of precipitation are highly variable from region to region. Tropical Africa is a hotspot for precipitation changes. Due to several constraints, the team was unable to follow the methodology applied in the other regions. Ethiopia Humanitarian Fund Humanitarian Funds are set up for complex emergencies and support the highest-priority projects of the best-placed responders (including internation and national NGOs and UN agencies) through an inclusive and tranparent process that supports priorities set out in Humanitarian Response Plans (HRPs). 3 The SDR-2 project component 4. Ethiopia Risk Assessment. The Terminal Evaluation of the Coping with Drought and Climate Change in Ethiopia Project (CwDCC) was completed in conformance with GEF and UNDP guidelines and in accordance with the Terms of Reference(ToRs) for the evaluation that were provided by UNDP. This article investigates alternative insurance payment methods that may help to enhance the adoption of index-based weather insurance. 4 million5 including as many as 4. Drought can lead to public health problems. Table 2 – Drought and effects on nutrition.